Penzance is a large market town situated on the western edge of Mounts Bay. The name comes from the Cornish "Pen Sans" meaning Holy Headland, the original fishing village growing up close to an ancient headland chapel which once stood close to the present Parish Church.
The town is the terminus for the nationwide rail system; the mild climate and numerous activities drawing holiday makers from many parts. There are good beaches, an outdoor swimming pool and a lengthy esplanade runs beside Mounts Bay. Two parks boast many sub-tropical plants.
Penzance is known for its fine 19th century granite buildings and forms the commercial heart of the regional district of Penwith. There are many shops and a thriving market. Just a bit further along the coast (south west) is the fishing port of Newlyn.
Located 2 miles (3 km) north west of Penzance is Lanyon Quoit, a Neolithic stone structure dating from 2500 BC.
The Scilly Isles are located just 27 miles (45 km) southwest of Lands End and Penzance provides a stepping stone to these peaceful, sub-tropical islands. There is a regular boat service from Penzance harbour and, at the time of writing, helicopter flights are also available from the local heliport.
A statue of the celebrated chemist Sir Humphry Davy stands at the top of Market Jew St, near the house where he was born. He was a President of the Royal Society and famously invented the Miner's Safety lamp, which saved countless miner's lives in the local tin mines.
The museum displays rocks, minerals and fossils collected from Cornish quarries and mine workings. The collection is housed in St John's Hall, said to be one of the largest granite buildings in the country.
The Gallery specialises in the Newlyn School artists (c.1880 - c.1940).
The museum contains treasures and other objects found during local diving expeditions
Tells the story of lighthouses and has many interesting displays of lighthouse equipment.